Geographical position: located on the border between the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea; is 37 Km from Livorno, 40 Km from Capraia and 60 Km from Corsica.
Shape and dimensions: sub-circular shape; it is about 2 km long and about 1.5 km wide, it is the smallest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Surface area: 2.2 Km2; Coastal development: 5.5 km.
Maximum height: Punta Gorgona (255 meters above sea level).
Inhabitants: around 300 (including prison inmates of the prison community).
The smallest of the islands of the Archipelago emerges from the sea with a sperm whale profile. Its metamorphic rocks rise from the sea in steep and green cliffs and form a 255 meter “mountain”, covered by pines and holm oaks and crowned by a Pisan fortress, the most northerly of the defensive system of the Tyrrhenian seafaring republic. From the nineteenth century until today its history coincides with that of the agricultural penal colony that occupies it entirely with its breeding and fishing activities. The consequent limited tourist enjoyment, has allowed the settlement of a colony of the rare seagull course symbol of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park.